Egypts Water , energy and agricultural sustainability plan.

During the fuel crisis in the period of ex-president Mohamed morsi , farmers were panicking because they needed the fuel to irrigate there land . Therefore I started investigating the history of irrigation principles and methods and the current national irrigation systems of Egypt , as well as looking at Egypt’s water resources . The investigations lead to the understanding that Egypt has huge problems such as ; The country’s water consumption exceeds our current renewable supply . A huge amount of water is wasted because of flood irrigation . With flood irrigation excess fertilizers are used causing contamination of both underground water and Nile water due to seepage. Most of the irrigation is operated by fuel pump engines , meanwhile the fuel is subsidized by the government . Current attempts to switch flood irrigation to drip irrigation have been very slow and difficult to achieve . Some of the underground water reservoirs are being depleted by overuse specially the some of these reservoirs àre not renewable or are slow in refilling specially with the speed of extraction . Due to the nature of soil in the delta and the old cultivated land on the nilevalley along with using flood irrigation  the soil becomes clogged with water , therefore the government started providing underground drainge systems and drainage canals .
Being a fanatic about discovering Egypt through Google earth I became familiar with Egypt’s geography and topography .
While investigating irrigation systems I came across ; Elevated water storage tanks and there capacity and ability to produce enough pressure to irrigate a certain amount of acres . Hydram pumps that uses water flow and pressure to left a percentage of water to almost 5 times of the water drop . Turbines that use water pressure to produce electricity . Through the research carried out I came up with the following proposal :
1) Managing water resources through eliminating flood irrigation , which will be achieved by using elevated water storage tanks which will provide the means of using drip irrigation. https://kassemmourad.wordpress.com/2015/04/09/solving-egypt-water-scarcity/
2) Implementing green energy irrigation system on the west Nilevalley and west delta by harvesting the power of ; water levelling , water flow and pressure by making use of available terrain and engineering concepts such as ; elevated water storage tanks , turbines for electricity production . https://kassemmourad.wordpress.com/2015/04/25/egypts-green-energy-irrigation-system/
3) As for the delta and east Nilevalley using elevated water storage tanks , they will use solar powered pumps .

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3 thoughts on “Egypts Water , energy and agricultural sustainability plan.”

  1. Great ideas Kassim I wish it could find an echo & positive response among official offices … I think that the application is not difficult to compare the benefits that could be retained on the agricultural plot in the future
    Good job my friend

    Liked by 1 person

  2. These are definitely excellent ideas. Flood irrigation methods must be replaced with drip. Studies from around the world clearly show that investment in such system pays of relatively quickly through water savings and from increased productivity (yes, drip irrigation at the root level on a consistent basis that does not flood the roots results much higher yields.
    But I would push further to think about one additional mechanism – waste water recycling. While I know that there are cultural and social objections to this treated waste water has been proven to be safe and efficient source of water for agriculture. Your neighbor, Israel, now treats and recycles 85% of its waste water and uses it for their agriculture. In addition to serving as “new” source of water, farmers benefit from a more consistent supply that is not subject to climate variability (wet years vs. dry years since we humans are fairly consistent in our municipal production of waste water. Imagine having water for multiple growing season.

    Liked by 1 person

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