Solving water scarcity in Egypt .

If there was a real solution to the water scarcity in Egypt , how much would the country be prepared to sacrifice in order to solve the issue. If the intention of the government and citizens to solve the long term or the future of the country’s water scarcity then a big study has to be done on how the following idea can be achieved :      One of the major water consumer in Egypt is agriculture , specially that most of the irrigation is achieved by means of flood irrigation . Many national and international bodies have been attempting find ways and means to convert farmers in Egypt to switch from   flood irrigation to drip irrigation, But for the following reasons they are not achieving the conversion process ; –  When the water fills the canals there is enough of it to flood the plots –  There is no real charge for irrigation water therefore no incentive to save water – Since most of the canals are filled on a  cycle process , therefore farmers must store water for the interim when drip irrigating . – Farmer assume that the more water applied the better production . That mentally is due to lack of education and that old habits are hard to change – Since majority of agricultural land are small plots 1 to 5 aces therefore the cost of setting up drip irrigation process is too expansive. – Irrigation costs are cheaper when flood irrigating on old clay soil lands. Therefore the idea of building big scale elevated water storage tanks  that would provide the means and process for converting to drip irrigation . The elevated water storage tanks will also play a role in in achieving the following tasks; – control the quantity of water for each plot. – It will aid the government to control the eating away of agricultural land , from the urban expansion since it governs the area it is watering. – the operator of the elevated water tank will be given the task of registering the types of crops it is providing water for, therefore a more accurate concise of produce planted in the areas covered by the tanks , Which could aid in marketing and distribution of the produce nationally and internationally. The main obstacles foreseen when converting the Nile Delta and the shores of the Nile valley to drip irrigation ,  would be that underground water will no longer be replenished as it did with flood irrigation , which will effect the farmlands on the outskirts of the Nile delta and the Nile valley , plus it could aid in the intrusion of sea water from the Mediterranean Sea into the delta . For the above reasons I have stated in the being of the article that major studies have to be done . As well as fisablity studies .      It would be much appreciated if I could get responds about the matter .

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6 thoughts on “Solving water scarcity in Egypt .”

  1. Dear Kassem,
    That was a decent read. Great effort and understanding of the problem in Egypt. The problem has an interdisciplinary background. Trying to balance the socio-economic and environmental factors of the irrigated agricultural system is not an easy task. It requires a lot of work and funding as well, but it is totally worth it. We should start looking at the problem from a systems prespective, where identifying first the linkages between the various factors contributing in the system is an essential step, followed by building a mathematical model to explore the difference policies and alternatives. Read more about System Dynamics methodology. Indeed, as I said it is a multidisciplinary interconnected problem that has social, economic and environmental factors involved. The government may start to expand more and invest a little bit more in agricultural extension services, which is aimed at educating farmers and producers about water conservation, new irrigation techniques, fertilizers, and so on. One other thing is providing monetary incentives for them to adapt new technologies, such as upgrading to centre pivot system as drip is not usually the most economic or suitable system.
    Thanks again for the interesting insights and looking forward to reading more of your articles.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hello Kassem,
    Thank you for linking this blog piece to my page. I think you have hit the issue of sustainable water in Egypt right on – and really water use in most places in the world – by highlighting two things: 1. Agriculture; 2. Culture. Agriculture is by far the largest consumer of water and with the situation in rural Egypt that many of the people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods is sensitive and important. That the culture exists and persists of a type of irrigation that is not in harmony with limited resources caused by locking up the water behind Aswan and regulating the flow all year, will be a hard reality to tackle and change. I wish you much luck in pursuing the answers to the ideas you present. I personally would like to see a water inventory in Egypt – how much is consumed and where – then compare this against the amount evaporated behind the High Aswan Dam. Perhaps the results would help engineers and officials to think about an alternative way to both generate electricity and control flooding that could inspire the rest of the world in water use.

    Kind regards,
    Jennifer

    Liked by 1 person

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